PENN NOTABLES

Franklin's Legacy: Ambassadors and Others of International Diplomatic Rank
Roster of Alumni, Faculty, and Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania

Among Benjamin Franklin's many public services, his role as ambassador and diplomat may have been foremost. As early as 1754, he represented the Province of Pennsylvania at the Albany Congress, where his "Plan of Union" was adopted as the best option for uniting the English colonies in the War against the French and their Indian allies. In 1757, the Provincial Assembly of Pennsylvania appointed Franklin as its representative to the British government and he left Philadelphia for London, where he remained until 1762. The Provincial Assembly soon sent him back to England and this time he remained for thirteen years, returning to America just as the Revolution broke out at Lexington and Concord. He was immediately elected to the Continental Congress and a year later, signed the Declaration of Independence. In September 1776, he became the first official diplomat of the United States of America when Congress appointed him as the U.S. representative to France. He arrived in France in December 1776 and later presented his credentials to the French government. Franklin remained in Paris until 1785, returning to Philadelphia only after successfully negotiating the Treaty of Paris. Franklin therefore served a total of twenty seven years as a diplomat of international rank, a tenure probably unsurpassed by any University of Pennsylvania alumnus, faculty, or Trustee in all the years since that time.

No fewer than thirty six of Franklin's successors at Penn have represented the United States and other sovereign states in diplomatic postings as close as Washington D.C. and as far away as Singapore. Their names, connections with Penn, and respective ambassadorial services follow below. Arranged alphabetically by surname, this roster includes alumni, faculty, and trustees of the University of Pennsylvania who have served as ambassadors and other representatives of international diplomatic rank to foreign nations and modern international organizations. This roster was researched, compiled and presented by Scott W. Hawley (B.A., 1992; B.S. in Econ., 1992) in partnership with the University Archives and Records Center, published May 2002 and updated August 2002.

 


 

Robert ADAMS, Jr. Born 1849; University of Pennsylvania, A.B., 1869 (Bachelor of Arts) and B.F., 1884 (Bachelor of Finance, Wharton School); Minister of the United States to Brazil, 1889-1890; died 1906.
Leonore C. ANNENBERGBorn 1918; University of Pennsylvania, Hon. LL.D., 1985 (Doctor of Laws) and Trustee, 1982-present; Chief of Protocol of the United States with the rank of Ambassador, 1981-1982; living.
Walter H. ANNENBERGBorn 1908; University of Pennsylvania Wharton School, Class of 1931; University of Pennsylvania, Hon. LL.D., 1966 and Trustee, 1960-present; Ambassador of the United States to the Court of St. James (United Kingdom), 1969-1974; living.
Wilson T.M. BEALEBorn 1909; University of Pennsylvania, M.B.A., 1933 (Master of Business Administration, Wharton School); Ambassador of the United States to Jamaica, 1965-1967; died 1998.
Robert M. BEECROFTUniversity of Pennsylvania, A.B., 1962 and A.M., 1965 (Master of Arts); United States Chief of Mission and Special Envoy to the Bosnian Federation, 1997-1998; Head of Mission of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe to Bosnia-Herzegovina; living.
George C. BRUNOReginald Heber Smith Fellow, University of Pennsylvania Law School, 1968-1971; Ambassador of the United States to Belize, 1994-1998; living.
Albert Peter BURLEIGHBorn 1942; Attended University of Pennsylvania Graduate School, 1965-1966; Ambassador of the United States to the Philippines, Palau, the Maldives, and Sri Lanka, 1995-1997; Ambassador of the United States to the United Nations, 1998-1999; living.
Patrick COLEAssistant Professor of History at the University of Pennsylvania, 1969-1973 and Visiting Professor of History, 1997; Ambassador of Nigeria to Brazil, 1987-1991; living.
William R. CRAWFORDBorn 1928; University of Pennsylvania, A.M., 1950; Ambassador of the United States to Yemen, 1972-1974; Ambassador of the United States to Cyprus, 1974-1978; living.
Ulrik FEDERSPIELBorn 1943; University of Pennsylvania, A.M., 1971; Ambassador of Denmark to Ireland, 1997-2000; Ambassador of Denmark to the United States, 2000-present; living.
Thomas Knight FINLETTERBorn 1893; University of Pennsylvania, A.B., 1915, LL.B., 1920 (Bachelor of Laws), and Hon. LL.D., 1950; Ambassador of the United States to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 1961-1965; died 1980.
Benjamin FRANKLINBorn 1706; Founder of the University of Pennsylvania and Trustee, 1749-1789; Minister of the United States to France, 1776-1785; died 1790.
Thomas S. GATES, Jr.Born 1906; University of Pennsylvania, A.B., 1928 and Hon. LL.D., 1956; Trustee, 1948-1983; Liaison and then Ambassador of the United States to China, 1976-1979; died 1983.
Charles A. HEIMBOLDBorn 1933; University of Pennsylvania, LL.B., 1960 and Trustee, 1995-present; Ambassador of the United States to Sweden, 2001-present; living.
Jerome H. HOLLANDBorn 1916; University of Pennsylvania, Ph.D., 1950 (Doctor of Philosophy) and Hon. LL.D., 1973; Ambassador of the United States to Sweden, 1970-1972; died 1985.
Jon M. HUNTSMAN, Jr.Born 1960; University of Pennsylvania, A.B., 1987 and Trustee, 1996-present; Ambassador of the United States to Singapore, 1992-1993; Deputy Trade Representative of the United States, 2001-present; living.
Toomas Hendrik ILVESBorn 1953; University of Pennsylvania, A.M., 1978; Ambassador of Estonia to the United States, Canada, and Mexico, 1993-1996; Foreign Minister of Estonia, 1996-2001; living.
David C. JORDANBorn 1935; University of Pennsylvania, Ph.D., 1964; Ambassador of the United States to Peru, 1984-1986; living.
William R. KINTNERBorn 1915; Professor of Political Science, University of Pennsylvania, 1961-1973; Ambassador of the United States to Thailand, 1973-1975; died 1997.
Robert E. LAMBBorn 1936; University of Pennsylvania, A.B., 1962; Ambassador of the United States to Cyprus, 1990-1993; living.
Ronald S. LAUDERBorn 1944; University of Pennsylvania, B.S. in Econ., 1965 (Bachelor of Science in Economics, Wharton School); Ambassador of the United States to Austria, 1986-1987; living.
Franklin L. LAVINUniversity of Pennsylvania, M.B.A., 1996; Ambassador of the United States to Singapore, 2001-present; living.
Jeffrey LUNSTEADUniversity of Pennsylvania, Ph.D. 1977; Ambassador of the United States to Sri Lanka and Maldives, 2003-present; living.
James Murray MASONBorn 1798; University of Pennsylvania, A.B., 1818; Ambassador of the Confederate States of America to the United Kingdom and France, 1862-1865; died 1871.
Marilyn MCAFEEBorn 1940; University of Pennsylvania, A.B., 1961; Ambassador of the United States to Guatemala, 1993-1996; living.
Edward Joy MORRISBorn 1815; Attended the College of the University of Pennsylvania, 1831-1832, but did not earn a degree; Charge d'Affaires of the United States to the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, 1850-1853; Minister Resident of the United States to the Ottoman Empire, 1861-1870; died 1881.
Gouverneur MORRISBorn 1752; Attended Academy of Philadelphia, 1761, but did not earn a degree; Minister of the United States to France, 1792-1794; died 1816.
John Howard MORROWBorn c. 1910; University of Pennsylvania, Ph.D., 1952; Ambassador of the United States to Guinea, 1959-1961; died 2000.
Wanda L. NESBITT University of Pennsylvania, A.B., 1978; Ambassador of the United States to Madagascar, 2002-present; living.
Caesar Augustus RODNEYBorn 1772; University of Pennsylvania, A.B., 1789; Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States to Argentina, 1823-1824; died 1824.
Andres ROZENTALBorn 1945; University of Pennsylvania, A.M., 1967; Ambassador of Mexico to the Organization of American States, 1971-1974; Ambassador of Mexico to Sweden, 1983-1988; Ambassador of Mexico to the United Kingdom, 1995-1997; Ambassador-at-large and Special Envoy of the President of Mexico, 2000-present; living.
Charles S. SHAPIRO University of Pennsylvania, A.B., 1971; Ambassaador of the United States to Venezuela, 2002-present; living.
Thomas SHOESMITHBorn 1922; University of Pennsylvania, B.S. in Ed., 1943 (Bachelor of Science in Education, School of Education); Ambassador of the United States to Malaysia, 1983-1987; living.
Robert STRAUSZ-HUPEBorn 1903; University of Pennsylvania, A.M., 1945 and Ph.D., 1946; Special Lecturer, 1940-1946, Associate Professor of Political Science, 1956-1952, and Professor of Political Science, 1952-1973 at the University of Pennsylvania; Ambassador of the United States to Sri Lanka and the Maldives, 1969-1972; Ambassador of the United States to Belgium, 1972-1974; Ambassador of the United States to Sweden, 1974-1976; Ambassador of the United States to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 1976-1977; Ambassador of the United States to Turkey, 1981-1989; died 2002.
Alfredo TORO-HARDYBorn 1950; University of Pennsylvania, LL.M., 1979 (Master of Laws, Law School); Ambassador of Venezuela to Brazil, 1994-1997; Ambassador of Venezuela to Chile, 1997-1999; Ambassador of Venezuela to the United States, 1999-2001; Ambassador of Venezuela to the United Kingdom, 2001-2007; Ambassador of Venezuela to Spain, 2007-2009; Ambassador of Venezuela to Singapore, 2009-present; living.
Bernardo VEGABorn 1938; University of Pennsylvania, B.S. in Econ., 1959; Ambassador of the Dominican Republic to the United States, 1997-1999; living.
Faith Ryan WHITTLESEYBorn 1939; University of Pennsylvania, LL.B., 1963; Ambassador of the United States to Switzerland, 1981-1983, 1985-1988; living.
Fisseha YIMERBorn 1940; University of Pennsylvania, LL.M., 1972; Ambassador of Ethiopia to Austria and the United Nations, 1992-1996; Ambassador of Ethiopia to Switzerland and the United Nations, 1996-2000, 2001-present; Ambassador of Ethiopia to the United Nations, 2000; living.

 

Photograph of Martin Meyerson and Jerome H. Holland
Penn President Martin Meyerson with Honorary Doctor of Laws degree recipient Jerome H. Holland (1916-1985)
1973 Commencement

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Note to the reader:
All abbreviations and phrases used in the standard entries below are intended to be self-explanatory. The editors have given special attention to abbreviations used for academic degrees. Abbreviations for academic degrees are spelled out in the entry of first instance. Nevertheless, among the degrees listed below, three are not in common use today. In order to assist the reader, the editors have defined those degrees here:
M.B. (Bachelor of Medicine)
B.F. (Bachelor of Finance)
LL.B. (Bachelor of Laws).