PENN NOTABLES

Penn's Leadership in Higher Education
Selected Rosters of Alumni, Faculty and Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania who have served as:
Founders and First Chief Executives of Other Institutions

Scholars and the general public alike recognize Benjamin Franklin as the founding genius of the University of Pennsylvania. Few, however, know that Penn's genius for founding has helped spread higher education throughout the United States and the rest of the world. Scott W. Hawley and the University Archives and Records Center present forty two founding geniuses in the list that follows below. Additions are solicited.

This roster has been researched, compiled and presented by Scott W. Hawley (B.A., 1992; B.S. in Econ., 1992) in partnership with the University Archives and Records Center published July 2003. These entries have been arranged by surname in alphabetical order from A to Z.

 


 

Cyrus ADLERBorn 1863; University of Pennsylvania: A.B. (Bachelor of Arts), 1883; Hon. Litt.D. (Doctor of Letters), 1930; first President of Dropsie College (now the Center for Judaic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania), 1908-1940; died 1940.
Janice R. BELLACEBorn 1950; University of Pennsylvania: A.B., 1971; J.D. (Juris Doctor, The Law School), 1974; Senior Faculty Research Associate, Industrial Research Unit, 1977-81; Assistant Professor of Legal Studies, 1979-1984; Associate Professor of Legal Studies, 1984-1996; Vice Dean and Director, Wharton Undergraduate Division, 1990-1994; Deputy Dean of the Wharton School, 1994-1999; Samuel A. Blank Professor of Legal Studies, 1996-present; Interim Associate Dean for Development and Alumni Relations, 2000; Director, Huntsman Program in International Studies and Business, 2001-present; Chairman, Wharton-Singapore Management University Research Centre, 2001-present; first President of Singapore Management University, 1999-2001; living.
James Lloyd BRECK Born 1818; University of Pennsylvania: A.B., 1838; in 1842, he established Nashotah House Theological Seminary; in 1858, he established Seabury Theological Seminary (now Seabury-Western Theological Seminary); died 1876.
Glidden L. BROOKSBorn 1912; University of Pennsylvania: Associate in Pediatrics, 1949-1950; first President of the Medical College of Ohio (now part of the University of Toledo), 1964-1971; died 1993.
Augustus Henry CENASBorn 1808; University of Pennsylvania: M.D., 1830; in 1834, he helped found the Medical College of Louisiana (now Tulane University School of Medicine); died 1878.
James COCKEBorn 1780; University of Pennsylvania: M.D. (Doctor of Medicine, School of Medicine), 1804; in 1807, he helped found the College of Medicine of Maryland (now the University of Maryland School of Medicine); died 1813.
Henry COPPÉEBorn 1821; University of Pennsylvania: Professor of Belles-Lettres and English Literature, 1855-1866; Hon. LL.D., 1866; first President of Lehigh University, 1866-1880; died 1895.
Corwith CRAMER, Jr.Born 1927; University of Pennsylvania: M.S. in Ed. (Master of Science in Education, School of Education), 1956; in 1971, he founded the Sea Education Association and served as its first Executive Director, 1971-1981; died 1983.
Edward CUTBUSHBorn 1772; University of Pennsylvania: M.D., 1794; in 1834, he suggested the creation of the Medical Institution of Geneva College (now Upstate Medical University of the State University of New York) and served as its first Dean, 1834-1839; died 1843.
John DICKINSONBorn 1732; University of Pennsylvania: Trustee (ex officio), 1782-1785; in 1783, he was a member of the first Board of Trustees of Dickinson College, which was named in his honor; died 1808.
Samuel Henry DICKSON Born 1798; University of Pennsylvania: M.D., 1819; in 1824, he founded the Medical College of South Carolina (now the Medical University of South Carolina) under the auspices of the Medical Society of South Carolina; died 1872.
Daniel DRAKEBorn 1785; University of Pennsylvania: M.D., 1816; in 1819, he obtained charters from the Ohio Legislature for the Medical College of Ohio and Cincinnati College, both institutions later became the University of Cincinnati; died 1852.
Simon FLEXNERBorn 1863; University of Pennsylvania, Professor of Pathology and Morbid Anatomy, 1899-1903; Hon. Sc.D. (Doctor of Science), 1929; first Director of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (now Rockefeller University), 1903-1935; died 1946.
Israel GOLDSTEINBorn 1896; University of Pennsylvania: A.B., 1914; Hon. LL.D. (Doctor of Laws), 1976; in 1946, he was the first President of the Board of Trustees of Brandeis University; died 1986.
Frank Hastings HAMILTON Born 1813; University of Pennsylvania: M.D., 1835; in 1846, he helped found Buffalo Medical College (now the State University of New York at Buffalo); died 1886.
John Henry HOBARTBorn 1775; Attended College of the University of Pennsylvania, 1789-1791, but did not earn a degree; in 1819, he founded the General Theological Seminary of the Episcopal Church; in 1822, he founded Geneva College (now Hobart and William Smith Colleges); died 1830.
Thomas HUNTBorn 1808; University of Pennsylvania: M.D., 1829; in 1834 he was a key founder of the Medical College of Louisiana (now Tulane University School of Medicine); President of the University of Louisiana (now Tulane University), 1865-1867; died 1867.
Samuel JONESBorn 1735; University of Pennsylvania: A.B., 1762; in 1763, he re-drafted the charter of the College of Rhode Island (now Brown University) and raised money for its foundation; died 1814.
Jared Potter KIRTLAND Born 1793; Attended the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 1814-1815, but did not earn a degree; in 1843, he helped found Cleveland Medical College (now Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine); died 1877.
Pleasant Williams KITTRELL Born 1805; Attended University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 1824-1825, but did not earn a degree; in 1858, he introduced the legislation that established the University of Texas; in 1866, he was a member of the first Board of Administrators of the University; died 1867.
Francis Julius LEMOYNE Born 1798; University of Pennsylvania: M.D., 1823; in 1870, he donated money to establish a school that later became LeMoyne-Owen College; died 1879.
George MCCLELLANBorn 1796; University of Pennsylvania: M.D., 1819; in 1826, he obtained a charter from the Pennsylvania General Assembly for Jefferson Medical College (now Thomas Jefferson University); died 1847.
John MCCLINTOCK, Jr. Born 1814; University of Pennsylvania: A.B., 1835; Hon. D.D. (Doctor of Divinity), 1848; in 1866, he helped found Drew Theological Seminary (now Drew University) and served as its first President, 1867-1870; died 1870.
John MCDOWELL Born 1751; University of Pennsylvania: A.B., 1771; Provost and Professor of Natural Philosophy, 1806-1810; Hon. LL.D., 1807; first Principal of St. John's College, 1790-1806; died 1820.
Samuel MCKINNEYBorn 1807; University of Pennsylvania: A.B., 1832; first President of West Tennessee College (now Union University) c. 1844-1850; first President of Austin College, 1850-1853, 1862-1871; died 1879.
Michael L. MCMANUSBorn 1946; University of Pennsylvania: B.S. in Econ.(Bachelor of Science in Economics, Wharton School of Finance and Commerce), 1968 ; first President of California School of International Management, 1995-present; living.
Thomas MEREDITHBorn 1795; University of Pennsylvania: A.B., 1816; in 1834, he was the President of Wake Forest University's first Board of Trustees; in 1838, he proposed the creation of what is now Meredith College, which was named in his honor; died 1850.
Samuel MILLERBorn 1769; University of Pennsylvania: A.B., 1789; Hon. D.D., 1804; in 1805, he proposed the creation of what became Princeton Theological Seminary and in 1810, he served on the committee that planned it; died 1850.
William Augustus MUHLENBERGBorn 1796; University of Pennsylvania: A.B., 1815; in 1838, he founded St. Paul's College (Flushing, NY) and served as its first President, 1838-1846; died 1877.
Josiah Clark NOTT Born 1804; University of Pennsylvania: M.D., 1827; in 1860, he obtained a charter from the Alabama Legislature for Medical College of Alabama (now University of Alabama School of Medicine); died 1873.
William PACABorn 1740; University of Pennsylvania: A.B., 1759; in 1783, he was a member of the first Board of Visitors anmd Governors of Washington College; died 1799.
William Platt PEPPERBorn 1837; University of Pennsylvania: A.B., 1857; in 1876, he was a member of the first Board of Managers of the Pennsylvania Museum and School of Industrial Art (now Philadelphia University and the University of the Arts); died 1907.
Nathaniel POTTERBorn 1770; University of Pennsylvania: M.D., 1796; in 1807, he helped found the College of Medicine of Maryland (now University of Maryland School of Medicine); died 1843.
Joseph Trimble ROTHROCK Born 1839; University of Pennsylvania: M.D., 1868; Professor of Botany, 1877-1893; in 1903, he founded the Pennsylvania State Forestry Academy at Mont Alto (now Pennsylvania State University at Mont Alto); died 1922.
Benjamin RUSHBorn 1745; University of Pennsylvania: Professor of Chemistry, 1768-1789; Professor of Medicine, 1789-1813; in 1783, he helped draft the charter for and served as a member of the first Board of Trustees of Dickinson College; died 1813.
John SHAWBorn 1778; Attended University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 1798, but did not earn a degree; in 1807, he helped found the College of Medicine of Maryland (now University of Maryland School of Medicine); died 1809.
William SMITHBorn 1727; University of Pennsylvania: Provost and Professor of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy, 1755-1791; in 1782, he was appointed to found Washington College and he served as its first President, 1782-1791; in 1784, he was appointed to raise money for the foundation of St. John's College; died 1803.
Samuel Hollingsworth STOUT Born 1822; University of Pennsylvania: M.D., 1848; in 1900, he helped found the Medical Department of the University of Dallas (now Baylor College of Medicine) and served as its first Dean, 1902-1903; died 1903.
Joseph W. TAYLORBorn 1810; University of Pennsylvania: M.D., 1830; in 1880, he left much of his estate to found Bryn Mawr College; died 1880.
Samuel F. WAGNER, Jr. Born 1842; University of Pennsylvania: A.B., 1861; in 1876, he was a member of the first Board of Managers of the Pennsylvania Museum and School of Industrial Art (now Philadelphia University and the University of the Arts); died 1937.
Gordon Samuel WATKINS Born 1889; University of Pennsylvania: Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy), 1918; first Provost of University of California, Riverside, 1949-1956; died 1970.
Mason Locke WEEMSBorn 1807; University of Pennsylvania: M.D., 1826; in 1845, he was a member of the first Board of Trustees of Matagorda University; died 1856.
Benjamin WESTBorn 1738; Attended the College of the University of Pennsylvania, 1755-1756, but did not earn a degree; in 1768, he became one of the first Academicians of the Royal Academy of Arts and served as its President, 1792-1805, 1806-1820; died 1820.
Hugh WILLIAMSONBorn 1735; University of Pennsylvania: A.B., 1759; Professor of Mathematics, 1761-1763; Hon. LL.D., 1787; in 1789, he was a member of the first Board of Trustees of the University of North Carolina; died 1819.
James WILSONBorn 1742; University of Pennsylvania: Hon. A.M. (Master of Arts), 1766 ; Hon. LL.D., 1790; Professor of Law, 1790-1798; Trustee, 1779, 1784-1789; in 1783, he helped draft the charter for and was member of the first Board of Trustees of Dickinson College; died 1798.

 

 

photo of Joseph Trimble Rothrock
Joseph Trimble Rothrock (1839-1922)

PENN'S LEADERSHIP IN HIGHER EDUCATION:

As founders and first chief executives of other institutions

Chief executives of other institutions:

 

Note to the reader:
All abbreviations and phrases used in the standard entries below are intended to be self-explanatory. The editors have given special attention to abbreviations used for academic degrees. Abbreviations for academic degrees are spelled out in the entry of first instance. Nevertheless, among the degrees listed below, three are not in common use today. In order to assist the reader, the editors have defined those degrees here:
M.B. (Bachelor of Medicine)
B.F. (Bachelor of Finance)
LL.B. (Bachelor of Laws).

 

MORE PENN NOTABLES:

Political and government notables

University of Pennsylvania administrative leaders

Leaders of other institutions of higher education

Recipients of major awards and honors