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William John Goeckel (1871-1922)

University Affiliation:
  • College Class of 1895 and L.L.B. 1896
  • Composer of the "The Red and Blue"
  • Varsity baseball, 1893, 1894 and 1895
Biographical Summary:
  • Major league baseball player, 1899
  • Lawyer


William John Goeckel was born September 3, 1871, in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. After graduating in 1892 from Canisius College in Buffalo, New York, he enrolled at the University of Pennsylvania.

When Goeckel played on Penn's varsity baseball team in 1893, 1894 and 1895, he was considered the finest collegiate first baseman of his day. At Penn Goeckel was also known as a musician and composer. He was most famous for writing "The Red and Blue," which is considered one of the greatest field songs, and has since been the University's theme song; while at Penn he also composed "Memories" and the "Houston Club March." A tenor, he was also a member and leader of Penn's Glee Club.

In 1896, after his graduation from law school in 1896, Goeckel returned to Wilkes-Barre where he served as both player on and manager of the Wilkes-Barre Eastern League team. Goeckel played one season in the major leagues, debuting on August 10, 1899, with the Philadelphia Phillies; his last game was September 21 of that year.

Goeckel retired completely from baseball after the 1899 season to practice law in Wilkes-Barre. He later became the organizer and attorney for the South Side Bank and Trust Company as well as chairman of Wilkes-Barre's Democratic City Committee. He continued his interest in music as organist and conductor of the St. Nicholas male choir and as president of the Concordia Singing Society. Goeckel died November 1, 1922, in Philadelphia, although his residence was still in Wilkes-Barre.

Musical score for "The Red and Blue", including all 5 verses.  Click to view larger version.