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PENN BIOGRAPHIES

Richard Peters (1743-1828)

University Affiliation:
  • A.B. 1761, A.M. 1765, LL.D. (Honorary) 1827
  • Trustee 1788-1790
Biographical Summary:
  • Jurist and Agriculturalist
  • Secretary of the Continental Board of War
  • Member of Continental Congress
  • Speaker of the Pennsylvania Senate
  • Judge of the U.S. District Court of Philadelphia

 

The Honorable Richard Peters, son of the Mary Breitnall and William Peters and the nephew of Rev. Richard Peters, was born at Belmont, the family country estate in what is now Philadelphia's Fairmount Park. He attended the Academy of Philadelphia and graduated from the College of Philadelphia in 1761 as valedictorian. After studying law, he was admitted to the Philadelphia Bar in 1763.

At the start of the American Revolution, Peters aligned himself with the Whigs in support of the revolution, even though his family had ties to the proprietors. Early on, he led a company of provincial troops in 1775 . While serving as secretary of the Continental Board of War from 1776 to 1781, he discovered that Benedict Arnold was misusing funds and became embroiled in a feud with him. In 1780 Peters was one of those subscribing $25,000 to the Bank of Pennsylvania for the provisioning of the Continental Army. He also served as a member of Continental Congress, 1782-1783.

Peters served in the Pennsylvania General Assembly from 1787 to 1790. As Speaker of this Assembly, he served from 1788 to 1790 as an ex officio trustee of the University of the State of Pennsylvania (now the University of Pennsylvania).

After the ratification of Pennsylvania's new constitution, Peters was made Speaker of the Pennsylvania Senate in 1791. The following year he was commissioned as a Judge for the United States District Court of Pennsylvania, a role he filled until his death in 1828. His judicial service was notable for his support of the federal government over the states and for his work in admiralty law to distinguish between the judicial and political authority of government.

Outside of the political realm, Peters was a practical farmer, a founder and the first president of the Philadelphia Agricultural Society. He married Sarah Robinson in 1776, and together they had six children. He was known as a kind friend, liberal host, excellent conversationalist and considerable wit.

 

REFERENCES:
Lost Alumni, Matriculates, Alumni Record, University of Pennsylvania 1740-1900, Dictionary of American Biography, Tuition Account Books #1558 and #1559

Portrait of Hon. Richard Peters

 

 

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