Archives > Historical Features > Exhibits

UNIVERSITY HISTORY

Student Traditions:
Class Day: 1865 Origins

 

Penn's first Class Day was held on June 2, 1865, not even two months after Lee's surrender at Appomattox. With the end of the Civil War, the members of the Class of 1865 were in an unusually celebratory frame of mind as their July graduation approached. This class had included at one time or another over fifty members, but war had resulted in an unusually high attrition rate - only twenty-five graduated. The remaining members of the class selected a Committee on Arrangement, composed of Beauveau Borie, chairman, George Woolsey Hodge, John Clark Sims, Jr., William Fishburne Wharton and Ellis David Williams. In later life, Class Poet William Wilberforce Newton described Sims as the primary organizer of the Class, particularly of the baccalaureate and class dinners. These young men organized Penn's first Class Day with a formal program in the afternoon and a festive Class Supper in the evening.

The afternoon event of the 1865 Class Day was held at the Chestnut Street Opera House, as were most subsequent Class Day programs during the nineteenth century. The hall was gaily decorated with flags and flowers; the young men of the Class of 1865 wore a ribbon of solid blue, their class color; and bouquets were presented to the young ladies present. James Hutchins Brown presided over the program consisting of the Class History by Robert Emmet McDonald, an oration by George Woolsey Hodge, a poem by Class Poet William Wilberforce Newton, and a farewell song by the Class. The program also included the presentation of a wooden spoon to John T. Lewis as the most popular member of a class. Harvey and Ford, two famous ivory carvers, made the spoon from a design by a Mr. Benson. The awarding of the spoon was another first for the Class of 1865 and the beginning of an enduring Penn tradition.

Photograph of John Clark SimmsClass ribbon worn to 1865 Class DayPortrait of John T. Lewis as an elderly man

In the evening the students, joined by Provost Daniel R. Goodwin, celebrated with a supper at Augustine's, located at 1105 Walnut Street. The menu included such delicacies as spring chicken a la Tartare, sweet breads, jellied tongue, lobster salad, beef a la mode and soft shell crab; dessert choices were ice cream, Charlotte Russe, strawberries and meringues with two choices of coffee. A variety of wines and liquor were also available for an added fee. During the evening, members of the class toasted the provost and faculty, the class and its alma mater, and the various clubs and fraternities. As reported in the 1865 Record, Henry Reed read the Class Prophecy, "full of witty sallies, and in all respects capital." All in all, it was "the most splendid celebration which the University has ever known."

 

CLASS DAY CONTENTS:

Overview

Timeline

Award recipients

First Class Day

 

 

RELATED LINKS:

Van Pelt Library's lists of Honor Men, Honor Women and Ivy Stones

More Penn student traditions

 

 

Invitation to Class Day of 1865 events