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UNIVERSITY HISTORY

Undergraduate and Professional Degrees Conferred by the University of Pennsylvania (1757-2003):
School of Arts and Sciences Research Degrees

 

Research degrees offered by the School of Arts and Sciences and awarded by the Graduate Council of the Faculties and its predecessors (1882-2003) in chronological order:

 

Name of Degree

Abbreviation

Years and Graduate Groups
(or analogous administrative structures)
in which the degree was offered or awarded

Doctor of Philosophy

Ph.D.

1882-present

  • American Civilization (1938-present) [admission to this Graduate Group is currently suspended]
  • Ancient History (1966-present)
  • Anthropology (1908-present)
  • Applied Mathematics (1965-1972)
  • Art and Archaeology of the Mediterranean World [originally Classical Archaeology] (1949-present)
  • Biology [originally separate Graduate Groups of Botany, Zoology, Microbiology, and General Physiology] (1893-present)
  • Chemistry (1891-present)
  • Classical Studies [originally Classical Languages] (1895-present)
  • Comparative Literature and Literary Theory (1979-present)
  • Conflict Resolution and Peace Analysis [originally Peace Science] (1974-1993)
  • Criminology (2001-present)
  • Demography (1966-present)
  • Earth and Environmental Science [originally Geology and Mineralogy] (1893-1945, 1963-present)
  • East Asian Languages and Civilization [originally Oriental Studies] (1939-present)
  • Economic History (1954-1972)
  • Economics (1974-present)
  • Education [originally Pedagogy] (1897-1914)
  • English (1892-present)
  • Fine Arts (1913-1920)
  • Folklore and Folklife (1963-present)
  • Geography (1959-1966)
  • Germanic Languages and Literatures [originally Germanics] (1891-present)
  • History (1891-present)
  • History of Art (1959-present)
  • History of Religions (1912-1945)
  • History and Sociology of Science [originally History and Philosophy of Science] (1963-present)
  • International Relations (1952-1998)
  • Linguistics [originally Indo-European Philology and Sanskrit] (1906-present)
  • Mathematics (1892-present)
  • Music (1957-present)
  • Near Eastern Languages and Civilization [originally Semitics] (1892-present)
  • Philosophy (1890-present)
  • Physics and Astronomy [originally separate Graduate Groups of Physics and Astronomy] (1889-present)
  • Political Science (1896-present)
  • Psychology (1893-present)
  • Regional Science (1974-2001)
  • Religious Studies [originally Religious Thought] (1963-present)
  • Romance Languages [originally Romanics] (1896-present)
  • Russian Literature [originally Slavic and Baltic Studies] (1948-1999)
  • Sociology (1974-present)
  • South Asia Regional Studies (1948-present)

Master of Arts

A.M.

1891-present

  • American Civilization (1938-present) [admission to this Graduate Group is currently suspended]
  • Anthropology (1908-present)
  • Art and Archaeology of the Mediterranean World [originally Classical Archaeology] (1949-present)
  • Biology [originally separate Graduate Groups of Botany, Zoology, Microbiology, and General Physiology] (1895-present)
  • Chemistry (1902-1911)
  • Classical Studies [originally Classical Languages] (1895-present)
  • Comparative Literature and Literary Theory (1979-present)
  • Conflict Resolution and Peace Analysis [originally Peace Science] (1974-1993)
  • Demography (1966-present)
  • Earth and Environmental Science [originally Geology and Mineralogy] (1914-1945)
  • East Asian Languages and Civilization [originally Oriental Studies] (1939-present)
  • Economic History (1954-1972)
  • Economics (1974-present)
  • Education [originally Pedagogy] (1898-1914)
  • English (1895-present)
  • Fine Arts (1913-1920)
  • Folklore and Folklife (1963-present)
  • Geography (1959-1967)
  • Germanic Languages and Literatures [originally Germanics] (1898-present)
  • History (1894-present)
  • History of Art (1959-present)
  • History of Religions (1911-1945)
  • History and Sociology of Science [originally History and Philosophy of Science] (1963-present)
  • Human Relations (1963-1968)
  • International Relations (1951-1998)
  • International Studies (1984-present)
  • Linguistics [originally Indo-European Philology and Sanskrit] (1906-present)
  • Mathematics (1894-present)
  • Music (1957-present)
  • Near Eastern Languages and Civilization [originally Semitics and then Oriental Studies] (1892-present)
  • Philosophy (1896-1964) [The A.M. program was suspended by 1963 and probably much earlier]
  • Physics and Astronomy [originally separate Graduate Groups of Physics and Astronomy] (1902-1928)
  • Political Science (1907-present)
  • Psychology (1906-present)
  • Religious Studies [originally Religious Thought] (1963-present)
  • Romance Languages [originally Romanics] (1905-present)
  • Russian Literature [originally Slavic and Baltic Studies] (1948-1999)
  • Social Gerontology (1983-1994)
  • Sociology (1974-present)
  • South Asia Regional Studies (1948-present)

Master of Science

M.S.

1891-present

  • Anthropology (1963-present) [before 1940, the M.S. degree was occasionally awarded in Anthropology]
  • Applied Mathematics (1965-1972)
  • Biology [originally separate Graduate Groups of Botany, Zoology, Microbiology, and General Physiology] (1896-1970)
  • Chemistry (1896-present)
  • Earth and Environmental Science [originally Geology and Mineralogy] (1911-1945, 1963-present)
  • Education [originally Pedagogy] (1909-1914)
  • Mathematics (1895-1915)
  • Organizational Dynamics [originally Liberal Studies] (1985-2000)
  • Physics and Astronomy [originally separate Graduate Groups of Physics and Astronomy (1902-present)
  • Psychology (1909-1910)