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Cornelius Weygandt Papers
1787-1955 (bulk 1920-1955)

UPT 50 W547.5

5.0 Cubic feet

Prepared by Theresa R. Snyder, revised by J.M. Duffin

1992, 2011

Access to collections is granted in accordance with the Protocols for the University Archives and Records Center.

PROVENANCE

Gift of Ann M. Weygandt, daughter of Cornelius Weygandt, in 1992 (1992:56) and by purchase in 2010 (2011:12). The articles and reprints as well as the book reviews in the Writings series were originally part of the records of the Office of the Recorder. 

 

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ARRANGEMENT

The Cornelius Weygandt Papers are organized in four series: Correspondence, Decorative Arts, Family, and Writings. Each series is arranged alphabetically by subject matter. 

 

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BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

Cornelius Weygandt was born December 13, 1871 in the Germantown section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of Cornelius Nolen Weygandt and Lucy Elmaker Thomas. After attending Germantown Academy, he entered the University of Pennsylvania and graduated from the college in 1891. He enrolled in the graduate school of the University of Pennsylvania majoring in English but after a year decided to drop out and work as a reporter. Weygandt worked for the Philadelphia Record, 1892-1893 and then for the Philadelphia Evening Telegraph, 1893-1897. During this period he gained a great deal of practical experience writing and exposure to the theater in Philadelphia. 

In fall 1897 Weygandt returned to his graduate studies at the University of Pennsylvania and became an instructor in the Department of English. Weygandt developed an interest in contemporary Irish literature part of what was then called the Celtic Renaissance and became acquainted with a number of leading figures of the Irish literary world around 1900 which lead to his book Irish Plays and Playwrights published in 1914. His interest in contemporary literature played a role in his graduate studies. In 1901 Weygandt completed his dissertation on the "Tendencies in English Poetry" and received his PhD from the University of Pennsylvania. 

Weygandt's return to the University of Pennsylvania in 1897 marked the beginning of a fifty-five year career as a teacher in the Department of English. He held the appointment as an Instructor from 1897 to 1904, Assistant Professor of English from 1904 to 1908 and as a full Professor in English Literature from 1908 to 1952. Weygandt was known at Penn for beginning the practice of lecturing on contemporary writers rather than ending the lectures with literature up to 1870. As early as the session of 1898-99 he was teaching a course on contemporary poetry. His skill as an engaging storyteller who taught his students how to understand literature through comparison to real-life experiences made his courses extremely popular with undergraduates. Generations of students who attended the University during this period remembered fondly his classes and the lessons they learned from them. 

Photograph (from a negative) of a carved fish sent to Professor WeygandtCornelius Weygandt's storytelling skills brought him literary success. His exposure to the Irish literary influenced his writing with something he called higher provincialism. Weygandt's application of this approach developed in him in what his colleagues called "an intense curiosity about our own colonial cultures - their homes, their food, their folkways and arts, and their speech." He wrote extensively about his own life experiences, particularly the cultural influences from America's past that existed in his life. His most notable work was in describing the culture of the Pennsylvania Germans which appeared in many of his books, the first being The Red Hills published in 1929. Weygandt wrote about the influences and remnants of colonial culture that still existed in southeastern Pennsylvania, southern New Jersey, and New Hampshire (where he had a summer home). Between 1929 and 1946 he published fifteen books based on his higher provincialism model. 

In addition to his literary interests, Weygandt was also interested in the material world of the past. He collected a great number of Pennsylvania German related artifacts. He was also an avid bird watcher. 

Cornelius Weygandt married Sara Matlack Roberts. They had two children, Cornelius Nolen Weygandt and Ann Matlack Weygandt. He died in 1957 in New Hampshire. 

 

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SCOPE AND CONTENT

The Cornelius Weygandt Papers document his literary efforts primarily from the 1920s to the 1950s. The majority of the collection contains unpublished of essays and books he had prepared and may have planned to publish. The essays are mostly in typescript form and have varying degrees of editing. In addition to the manuscript material, there is a small collection of articles he wrote for the University of Pennsylvania's alumni magazine. 

In addition to his literary work, the papers document Cornelius Weygant's interest in decorative arts. There are negatives representing illustrations of books, illuminated manuscripts and fractur; samples and needlepoint; paintings, prints and portraits; furniture; plates; kitchen and tableware; Dutchiana; miscellaneous decorative arts; hunting, trapping, and fishing; and tools and lighting. 

Documentation on the Weygandt family is also found in the papers but is limited in scope. There is some material relating to college education and early teaching career of Weygandt's daughter Ann M. Weygandt who was a professor of English at the University of Delaware. 

 

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CONTROLLED ACCESS HEADINGS

Corporate Name(s)

  • University of Pennsylvania. -- General subdivision--Faculty.;

Geographic Name(s)

  • New Hampshire--Social life and customs
  • Pennsylvania--Social life and customs

Occupation(s)

  • Americanists.

Subject(s)

  • Decorative arts, Early American.

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INVENTORY

 

Correspondence 

Box

Folder

Robert E. Spiller, 1926 

1

1

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Decorative Arts 

Box

Folder

List 

1

2

Photographs 

Books, illuminated manuscripts and fractur 

1

3

Samples and needlepoint 

1

4

Paintings, prints and portraits 

1

5

Furniture 

1

6

Plates 

1

7

Kitchen and tableware 

1

8

Dutchiana 

1

9

Miscellaneous decorative arts 

1

10

Hunting, trapping, and fishing 

1

11

Tools and lighting 

1

12

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Family 

Box

Folder

Jacob Weygandt, copy of will 1861 

1

13

Instruction to tax assessors, Plainfield Township, Northampton County 1787 

1

14

Memoir of Maria Agnetta Weygandt (née Bechtel) 

1

15

Weygandt Descendants: Estate of Jacob Weygandt 1894-1902 

1

16

Ann M. Weygandt 

Notebook, "Romantic Period" 1930 

1

17

Syllabus, notes, tests and class for Art 121 1950 

1

18

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Writings 

Box

Folder

Essays 

Published 

Articles and reprints, 1926-1951 

1

19

Book reviews, 1936-1946 

1

20

The Peace of Pennsylvania (manuscript) 

Haycockiana 

1

21

Seven Old Cultures in Pennsylvania 

1

22

Philadelphia Folks (manuscript) 

Mrs. Rabbitt 

1

23

Of Neighboring Stiles and Fruit Cake 

1

24

On Going to the Zoo 

1

25

Twelve Good Men 

1

26

Twelve Street Market 

1

27

Unpublished 

Barnyard, Sawbuck and Bookcase 

pp. 1-93 

1

28

pp. 94-184 

1

29

pp. 185-211 

1

30

Birds the Year Round 

pp. 1-49 

1

31

pp. 50-123 

1

32

The Blessing of Birds 

pp. 1-77 

1

33

pp. 78-143 

1

34

pp. 144-170 

1

35

Change Under Chocorua 

pp. 1-83 

1

36

pp. 84-136 

1

37

The Country Heart 

pp. 1-81 

1

38

pp. 82-109 

1

39

Daybreak to Nightfall 

1

40

Delaware Valley Days 

1

41

Dawn to Dusk 

pp. 1-72 

1

42

pp. 73-135 

1

43

pp. 136-211 

1

44

Doves and Distelfinks 

pp. 1-36 

1

45

pp. 37-98 

2

1

pp. 99-146 

2

2

Eastward in Eden 

pp. 1-93 

2

3

pp. 94-182 

2

4

Found in Pennsylvania 

pp. 1-88 

2

5

pp. 89-127 

2

6

From America's Heyday 

pp. 1-68 

2

7

pp. 69-149 

2

8

pp. 150-246 

2

9

From Pennsylvania's Past 

pp. 1-84 

2

10

pp. 85-187 

2

11

pp. 188-227 

2

12

Grace for Meat 

pp. 1-83 

2

13

pp. 84-146 

2

14

Hedgehogs Not Hay 

(1) 

2

15

(2) 

2

16

Horizons at Nightfall 

2

17

Hours Off 

(1) 

2

18

(2) 

2

19

(3) 

2

20

(4) 

2

21

Journeys from Germantown 

pp. 1-50 

2

22

pp. 51-121 

2

23

Journeys from Jersey 

pp. 1-104 

2

24

pp. 110-209 

2

25

unnumbered pages 

2

26

photographs 

2

27

The Merry Puritan 

pp. 1-28 

2

28

pp. 29-135 

2

29

New Hampshire Nights and Noonings 

pp. 1-88 

2

30

pp. 89-205 

2

31

On Pilgrimage Beyond Perkasie 

(1) 

2

32

(2) 

2

33

Our Century Changes, Traditions and Culture 

2

34

The Peace of Pennsylvania 

pp. 1-48 

2

35

pp. 49-99 

3

1

pp. 100-141 

3

2

Peebles on the Beach 

3

3

Pennsylvania Byways 

(1) 

3

4

(2) 

3

5

Pennsylvania Calling 

pp. 1-85 

3

6

pp. 86-181 

3

7

Pennsylvania Pastorals 

pp. 1-84 

3

8

pp. 85-208 

3

9

Philadelphia Days 

pp. 1-71 

3

10

pp. 72-151 

3

11

pp. 152-202 

3

12

pp. 203-222 

3

13

The Quiet Hills 

pp. 1-108 

3

14

pp. 109-189 

3

15

Red Barns and House Blessings 

pp. 1-42 

3

16

pp. 43-165 

3

17

The Return to America 

pp. 1-85 

3

18

pp. 86-160 

3

19

pp. 161-253 

3

20

pp. 254-282 

3

21

Rock, Maple and Granite 

pp. 1-53 

3

22

pp. 54-120 

3

23

pp. 121-185 

3

24

pp. 186-213 

3

25

Stepstones and Stump Fences 

pp. 1-61 

3

26

pp. 62-163 

3

27

Thatched With Snowbirds 

pp. 1-55 

3

28

pp. 56-116 

3

29

Up A Dirt Road [1] 

pp. 1-70 

3

30

pp. 71-206 

3

31

Up A Dirt Road [2] 

pp. 1-53 

3

32

pp. 54-144 

3

33

pp. 145-170 

3

34

Up Whittier's Way 

pp. 1-62 

3

35

pp. 63-133 

4

1

pp. 134-196 

4

2

What's What in Dutchland 

pp. 1-81 

4

3

pp. 82-113 

4

4

The White Valleys 

pp. 1-67 

4

5

pp. 68-102 

4

6

Within the Wolf Shutters 

pp. 1-83 

4

7

pp. 84-139 

4

8

pp. 140-174 

4

9

Title unknown 

One 

(1) 

4

10

(2) 

4

11

(3) 

4

12

Two 

(1) 

4

13

(2) 

4

14

Three 

(1) 

4

15

(2) 

4

16

Incomplete sets 

4

17

4

18

4

19

4

20

4

21

4

22

4

23

4

24

4

25

10 

4

26

11 

4

27

12 

4

28

13 

4

29

14 

4

30

15 

4

31

16 

4

32

17 

4

33

18 

4

34

19 (1) 

4

35

19 (2) 

4

36

20 

4

37

21 

4

38

22 

4

39

23 

4

40

24 

4

41

25 

4

42

26 

4

43

27 

4

43a

Loose chapters and essays 

A Baby's Rattle of Brown Ash and Corn 

4

44

A Business Man's Creed 

4

45

A Catbird Chary of Song 

4

46

A Day of Boot and Barter 

4

47

A Family Bear 

4

48

A Flock Without A Ram 

4

49

A Fly Net for Dobbin 

4

50

A Gargantuan Cardinal 

4

51

"A Land Overflowing with Milk and Honey" 

4

52

A Lion on His Hind Legs 

4

53

A Literary Historian's Point of View 

4

54

A Moravian Table 

4

55

A Patriarchal Puss 

4

56

A Pecking Turkey 

4

57

A Pow-Wow from Berks County 

4

58

A Seven Tuliped Distelfink 

4

59

A Tulip in Matzebaum 

4

60

A Whippoorwill Calling 

4

61

A Wren House of Redware 

4

62

"Abomination Among the Fowls" 

4

63

Alexander Köllner, Designer and Lithographer 

4

64

America At Its Cheapest 

4

65

An American Platter of Old World Type 

4

66

An Eagle in Walnut 

4

67

And There Was Light 

4

68

Ann's Miscellaneous Collection 

4

69

Ansel Lee on Loons 

4

70

Are Cats' Yawns Catching? 

4

71

As Winter Looms in the Offing 

4

72

At the Time of Resurrection 

4

73

Back Country Down East 

4

74

Baptists and Methodists 

4

75

Beavers Not Always a Blessing 

4

76

Beware of Dog 

5

1

Bi-Lingual Homilies 

5

2

Bird's-Eye Maple Anti-Puritan? 

5

3

Blue Minks 

5

4

Bluejays' Change of Habits 

5

5

Books Furnish Well 

5

6

Books Galore 

5

7

Books in German of a Diversity of Subjects 

5

8

Books in Philadelphia 

5

9

Botany the First Fashionable Science 

5

10

Brightly Painted Lehnware 

5

11

Browns 

5

12

Buttermoulds, Cups and Flutes 

5

13

"Caroline B----- of Sandwich, N.H." 

5

14

Catchalls and Disapproved 

5

15

Cats 

5

16

Chalk Animals 

5

17

Champneys on the Saco Intervals 

5

18

Changes in Bird Life 

5

19

Charles Conrad Abbott 

5

20

Chocorua Was All in All to Bolles 

5

21

Chopping Bowls; The Phoenix A Pheasant? 

5

22

Clothes on the Line 

5

23

Colloquy at Salmon Brook, August 1881 

5

24

Concord Stands Alone 

5

25

Consider the Lilies 

5

26

Coxes and Markles and Other Strange Things 

5

27

Day's End and Darkness of Fellows Hill 

5

28

Decorating Easter Eggs 

5

29

Deer 

5

30

Did She Get Him? 

5

31

Did the Schools Do It? 

5

32

Dogwood White 

5

33

Donkeys and Mules 

5

34

Earl F. Robacker 

5

35

Ein Blumlein und das schonst Gluck 

5

36

Elisabeth Seidel's Hymn Book 

5

37

England Annals 

5

38

Ephrata Beliefs and Music 

5

39

Fate Spared Them 

5

40

Figures in Plaster 

5

41

Flora Alpina 

5

42

For Horseradish? 

5

43

Forks 

5

44

Forty Years on Fellows Hill 

5

45

Frock, Smock, of Smock-Frock? 

5

46

From a Lancaster County Garret 

5

47

Germantown In North Sandwich 

5

48

Gifts 

5

49

Glimmer 

5

50

Great, Great, Great, Great Grandfather's Book 

5

51

Happy Jeopardy 

5

52

Hay and Well Water 

5

53

He Hated Himself 

5

54

Hexagons and Octagons 

5

55

High Jinks Are Dead and Gone 

5

56

His Vine and Fig Tree 

5

57

Home Art in Dutchland 

5

58

Hominess in the Wild 

5

59

Hong's Woods 

5

60

Horns Among New Hampshire Hills 

5

61

Horses of Ours 

5

62

Irish Dutchmen 

5

63

It Made Resurrection Easier 

5

64

"It Wonders Me" 

5

65

Jacob Weygandt's Portrait 

5

66

James Stephens Owned Few of His Own Books 

5

67

James Whitecomb Riley 

5

68

Jig Saw Work of the Seventies 

5

69

"Just A Story and A Half House" 

5

70

Lancaster County Visited 

5

71

Lehn Ware 

5

72

Letters from Poets 

5

73

Lining Bees 

5

74

Lionel Johnson 

5

75

Little Silver in Dutchland 

5

76

Little Things That Last 

5

77

Logs, Stone and Clapboards Together 

5

78

"Loud is the Vale" 

5

79

Mainstays and Oddities of Yesterday 

5

80

Maps of Various Authorities 

5

81

Mending Wall 

5

82

Mid-August Birds 

5

83

Mid-Victorian Maine 

5

84

Mighty Meals in Dutchland 

5

85

Mockingbirds Far to Seek 

5

86

Moments of Vision 

5

87

More Folks Below Ground? 

5

88

Mostly Cellar Holes Now 

5

89

Mountain Pink Coming Back 

5

90

My Dogs 

5

91

My Several Interests 

5

92

Nature-Made Or Man-Made 

5

93

New England Bygones 

5

94

New Glass and Old Chairs 

5

95

New Hampshire in Germantown 

5

96

New Jersey An Unloved State 

5

97

New Words for Old Things 

5

98

Nightfall in November 

5

99

No American Bird by an Indian Name 

5

100

No Democracy Back Along 

5

101

Not More Than Four Generations Back 

5

102

Notes By The Way 

5

103

October Moths 

5

104

Odd Bits of Iron 

5

105

Of Equinoctials and Cuckoo Storms 

5

106

Of Gifts and Legacies 

5

107

Of Hoeing and Hoes 

5

108

Of Meeting, Visiting and Chores 

5

109

Of Russett Apples and Fishing through the Ice 

5

110

Of Stepping Stones, Footpaths and Stiles 

5

111

Of Summer People, Oxen and Poetic Justice 

5

112

Old Silver Watches 

5

113

Old Treasure From the Delaware 

5

114

Oliver St. John Gogarty 

5

115

On Pilgrimage to Yesterday 

5

116

On the Way Out 

5

117

Oriental Rugs 

5

118

Our Rushlight Period 

5

119

Our Well of Sweet Water 

5

120

Patterns for Quilts 

5

121

Peacocks of Soft Paste 

5

122

Pearls of Great Price 

5

123

Pears Above Apricots? 

5

124

Persimmons and Possums 

5

125

Pink and Red Mellows Against Grey Walls 

5

126

Ploughed Bits of Glass from Alloway 

5

127

Poets I Have Met 

5

128

Priceless Things 

5

129

Quarries 

5

130

Rare Spirits in College Hall 

5

131

Redware 

5

132

Rev. Dr. Hidden Made Tamworth a Cultural Centre 

5

133

Rhododendrons 

5

134

Rolling Pins 

5

135

Seven Folio Bank Books 

5

136

Sewing Balls and Darning Eggs 

5

137

Signposts to Far Away 

5

138

Six Spoons 

5

139

Skunks as Neighbors 

5

140

Sleighing at Twelve Dollars the Hour 

5

141

Some Books on Dutchland 

5

142

Splendor in Little 

5

143

Stiegel 

5

144

Stone Stands for Eternity 

5

145

Sunken Roads 

5

146

Table Manners Change 

5

147

Taming the Striped Squirrels 

5

148

Tea or Supper 

5

149

The Background of Quiet Hills 

5

150

The Barn Swallows Betake Themselves Southward in 1955 

5

151

The Best of Whitman 

5

152

The Blackbird 

5

153

The Borneman Fractur 

5

154

The Burial Place of Yeats 

5

155

The Calf Was Recalcitrant 

5

156

The Call of Country Places 

5

157

The Canada Plum 

5

158

The Carved Swans of Joseph Condon 

5

159

The Cat That Went Wild 

5

160

The Catbird 

5

161

"The Chooser of the Slain" 

5

162

The Comforting Pear Tree 

5

163

The Coming of Fall 

5

164

The Cowking in Pictures 

5

165

The Creek Pouched Clan 

5

166

The Distelfink of Fractur and Its Dooryard Original 

5

167

The Dominance of the Hex Symbol 

5

168

The Easter Rabbit 

5

169

The Farmer's Enemies 

5

170

The Fate of Stone Walls of Sandwich 

5

171

The Feast of Roses at Manheim 

5

172

The Fox Romped Away 

5

173

The Gift of Groundhogs 

5

174

The Going of Household Gods 

5

175

The Gypsy Trail to Town 

5

176

The Hand Sled 

5

177

The Hardest Job on the Farm 

5

178

The Hold That Byron Had 

5

179

The Horns of the Hunter 

5

180

The Little Blue Hawk at Home? 

5

181

The Longest Day of Thirty-Two 

5

182

The Love Songs of Connacht 

5

183

The Lure of White 

5

184

The "Main Street" of a Fourteen House Village 

5

185

The Mortuary Bottle 

5

186

The Neighborly Nulti[?] 

5

187

The Parrot of Plymouth 

5

188

The Pennsylvania Farmhouse 

5

189

The Persistence of White Phlox 

5

190

The Pheasant Not Afraid of Puss 

5

191

The Position of P.H. Gosse 

5

192

The Post-Four O'Clock Ban On Laying 

5

193

The Prevalence of the Tulip 

5

194

The Robin 

5

195

The Robins Back Again 

5

196

The Southing of the Swallows 

5

197

The Thrashers of Nineteen Fifty-three 

5

198

The Toll the Years Take 

5

199

The Tortoise Not Made Much Of 

5

200

The Two Flocks Not One In Bedtime 

5

201

The Varmints Avoid the Roads 

5

202

The Wonders of Dutchland 

5

203

The Woodrobin Recaptures His Song 

5

204

The World's End Brought Near 

5

205

Things Are for Use 

5

206

Three Generations from Shirt Sleeves to Shirt Sleeves 

5

207

To the Far South Alone 

5

208

Toleware Decoration of Today 

5

209

Tom Robertson 

5

210

Tradition in American Life 

5

211

Transatlantic Call From Lancaster 

5

212

Treasurers of Glass in the Wall Cabinet 

5

213

Turn-Outs at Funerals 

5

214

Twelve Pennies 

5

215

Two Bits of Old Iron 

5

216

Two Little Bowls of Brown Pearwood 

5

217

Two Oval Wreaths of Holly 

5

218

Two September Days 

5

219

Two Shaped Coffee Pots of Chased Tin 

5

220

Under the Blue Mountain 

5

221

Undesirable Tenants 

5

222

Untouchable in a High Sense 

5

223

Untutored Naturalists 

5

224

Utensils of Tin 

5

225

Vermin That Intrigue You 

5

226

We Pat Ourselves on the Back 

5

227

What Does the Seahorse Symbolize? 

5

228

What the Grandfathers Head 

5

229

What We Are 

5

230

Who Is Bertie Dodd? 

5

231

Why They Names Him After Franklin 

5

232

Why Turn From Red to White? 

5

233

Wild Beasts Encountered 

5

234

Wistarburg At Its Best 

5

235

Wood, Turned, Carved and Hewn 

5

236

Woodcock 

5

237

Woodwork in New Hampshire 

5

238

Wordsworth 

5

239

You Cannot Escape Your Ancestors 

5

240

Untitled 

5

241

Untitled 

5

242

Fragments 

Loose pages 

5

243

Title pages and tables of contents 

5

244

Notes 

(1) 

5

245

(2) 

5

246

(3) 1905 

5

247

Irish literature 1905 

5

248

Irish literature 1911-1914 

5

249

Outlines 

(1) 

5

250

(2) 

5

251

Poetry 

(1) 

5

252

(2) 1894 

5

253

(3) 

5

254

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