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Samuel Bernard Hadden Papers
1918-1988

UPT 50 H126

4.0 Cubic feet

Prepared by Theresa R. Snyder

1994

Access to collections is granted in accordance with the Protocols for the University Archives and Records Center.

PROVENANCE

These papers were donated to the University of Pennsylvania Archives and Records Center by Frank Hadden, the grandson of Samuel Bernard Hadden, March 20, 1991. 

 

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ARRANGEMENT

The papers of Samuel Bernard Hadden are arranged in four series. They include personal papers, professional papers, photoprints, books, sound discs, and diplomas/certificates. The professional series is further divided into the following subseries: correspondence, neurological, neuro-psychological, psychological -- mental health, and miscellaneous papers. 

 

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BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

Samuel Bernard Hadden was born in Dunmore, Pennsylvania in 1900. He was educated in the Dunmore public school system and graduated from high school in 1918. He attended the University of Pennsylvania and received an A.B., 1922 and M.D., 1924. He served his internship and residency with the Philadelphia General Hospital. Dr. Hadden served in several teaching capacities from 1926 to 1941 at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Department of Neurology. In 1941 he was appointed Associate Professor, 1941-1947. 

Early in his career Samuel Hadden's main interest was neurology. Gradually he became more interested in the neuro-psychology. By 1953 his professional attention turned almost exclusively to mental health. Hadden is best known as a pioneer in group psychotherapy. His interest in group psychotherapy developed as a student working the summer months of 1923 at the White Haven Free Hospital for the Treatment of Poor Consumptives of Philadelphia. His mentors, Dr. Joseph Walsh and Dr. H.R.M. Landis, were students of Dr. Joseph Pratt, who was the first to employ the technique for the treatment of tuberculosis patients. By 1928 Hadden had joined the American Group Psychotherapy Associates. He began using group psychotherapy actively in 1937 when in charge of the combined neurological and psychiatric out patient department at Presbyterian Hospital. 

During World War II and the Korean War, Hadden served as consultant to the Army Surgeon General. He wrote extensively on the topic of post-military adjustment and therapy. 

In 1949 Hadden joined with other colleagues to argue that alcoholics be treated as sick individuals rather than morally depraved misfits. He played an active role on the Addiction Committee of the Philadelphia County Medical Society until 1987. Hadden also became an advocate for the parental guidance in child development, lecturing extensively and heading the Presbyterian Hospital Parent Guidance Institute. Believing that healthy interaction between child and parent, in addition to rough and tumble play, contributed significantly to mentally healthy adults, Hadden spent much of his career pursuing this point in his work with male homosexuals. 

For Hadden, homosexuality was an "experientially determined and treatable condition." His greatest professional interest being group psychotherapy, Hadden was the first psychiatrist to use this method of treatment with exclusive male homosexual groups. Although compassionate in his approach, his professional and personal outlook remained consistent even after homosexuality was taken off the DSMIII list of diseases. Although his views on homosexuality are controversial at best, Hadden was highly respected in his field for his contribution to the development of group psychotherapy. 

Hadden served as president of: the American Group Psychotherapy Association, 1949-1950; the International Association for Group Psychotherapy, 1973; the Delaware Valley Group Psychotherapy Society; the Philadelphia Psychiatric Society; and the Philadelphia County Medical Society. In 1971 he received the Strittmatter Award from the Philadelphia County Medical Society. 

For a brief period of time Samuel Hadden owned and operated the Medical Dental Educational Recording Company, located on Schoolhouse Lane in Philadelphia. The company produced phonographic recordings primarily on medical topics. The business did not meet with success and produced only a few sound discs. 

Dr. Hadden was married on October 18, 1924 to Alice O'Horo. They had three children: Samuel B. III, Michael A., and Alice Marie. 

 

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SCOPE AND CONTENT

The Samuel Bernard Hadden Papers, 1918-1988, n.d. mainly document the professional contributions of Dr. Hadden in the field of Psychiatry, and in particular group psychotherapy. There is a small group of personal papers but these papers generally refer to his education and preparation for his profession. 

The professional papers concentrate on Hadden's efforts and dedication to the principles of group psychotherapy. The correspondence, 1945-1988, n.d. is mainly concerned with his publication and research efforts. 

There are early papers devoted to his interests in neurology. Topics include: tryparsamine in the treatment of general paralysis, bismuth arsphenamine in the treatment of tabes dorsalis, parkinsonism, neuritis and multiple neuritis for rowing serum therapy, hemophilia, cadium poisoning, poliomyelitis vaccination, and psychosomatic illness. 

Although there is some material on post-military therapy dating from his work during World War II, Hadden's recommendations on treating post-military trauma is best seen from his papers dating from his service during the Korean War. 

The bulk of the collection illustrates his interest in group psychotherapy and may be seen in papers devoted specifically to this topic, 1942-1981, n.d. as well as in his papers on: addiction, 1950-1987; child development, 1949-1983, n.d.; and homosexuality, 1955-1981, n.d. 

Photographs from his college days to his reunion give a fair look at friends and colleagues. There are twelve phonographic records produced by his Medical Dental Educational Recording Company devoted to various medical topics. Oversized certificates and a few books finish out the collection. 

 

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CONTROLLED ACCESS HEADINGS

Subject(s)

  • Alcoholism--Psychological aspects.
  • Cadmium--Poisoning.
  • Child development.
  • Group psychotherapy.
  • Hemophilia.
  • Homophobia.
  • Male homosexuality.
  • Neuritis.
  • Parkinson's disease.
  • Poliomyelitis--Vaccination.
  • Psychosexual development.
  • Sex therapy.

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INVENTORY

 

PERSONAL 

Box

Folder

Autobiographical Essays, n.d. 

1

1

Education--University of Pennsylvania 1918-1924 

1

2

Education--College Courses for Teachers 1927-1934 

1

3

World War II Ration Cards 1941-1946 

1

4

Personal Loan 1943 

1

5

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PROFESSIONAL 

Box

Folder

Civil Service Exam for Interne 1924 

1

6

National Board Exam 1924-1926 

1

7

Licensure 1926 

1

8

First case as medical doctor 1926 

1

9

Correspondence 1945-1946 

1

10

Correspondence 1954-1955 

1

11

Correspondence 1956 

1

12

Correspondence 1957-1958 

1

13

Correspondence 1959-1960 

1

14

Correspondence 1961-1967 

1

15

Correspondence, n.d. 1970-1988 

1

16

Neurology 

Wendell Reber Correspondence 1908-1914 

1

17

"Tryparsamine in the Treatment of General Paralysis" 1926 

1

18

"Bismuth Arsphenamine Sulphonate in the Treatment of Tabes Dorsalis," "Incipient Parkisonism" 1931 

1

19

"Neuritis and Multiple Neuritis for Rowing Serum Therapy" 1932 

1

20

"Treatment of Hemiplegia" 1934 

1

21

"Trans-Cerebral Diathermy on Parkisonism of Chronic Epidemic Encephalitis" 1935 

1

22

"Neurological Symptoms in Posthemorrhagic Secondary Anemia," "Nonspecific Measures in the Management of Neurosyphilis" 1936 

1

23

"The Neuroses-Their Development and Suggestions for their Management" 1938 

1

24

"Neuralgic Headache and Facial Pain" 1940 

1

25

"A Case of Industrial Cadmium Poisoning with Predominating Neurological Symptoms" 1942 

1

26

"Increased Intra-Thoraco-Abdominal Pressure as a Factor in the Paraplegic States," [1950] 

1

27

"A Sensitivity Reaction to Poliomyelitis Vaccine" 1958 

1

28

"Objective Symptoms of Spinal Cord Involvement in Pernicious Anemia Removed by Treatment," n.d. 

1

29

Neurology Lecture, n.d. 

1

30

Neuro-Psychology 

"The Genesis of the Neuroses" 1942 

1

31

"A Health Problem of Prime Importance" 1943 

1

32

Post-Military Therapy 1946-1947 

1

33

U.S. Army Hospital, Korea 

Orders 1953 

1

34

Report 1953 

1

35

Diary 1953 

1

36

Conferences 1953 

1

37

Photoprints 1953 

1

40

Clippings 1953 

1

38

Ephemera 1953 

1

39

Mental Health 

Addiction 

Philadelphia County Medical Society Committee 

Minutes 1981-1984 

1

41

Correspondence 1967-1983 

1

42

Legal 1978 

1

43

Directories 1982 1987 

1

44

Newsletters 1980-1981 

1

45

Symposiums 1979-1983 

1

46

"Alcoholism" 1950 

1

47

"Effect of Alcohol on Person and Personality" 1954 

1

48

"Emotional Roots of Sobriety" 1954 

1

49

"People Who Drink" 1957 

1

50

"Denial" 1979 

1

51

"Alcoholism" 1984 

1

52

"Alcoholism and Marriage," n.d. 

1

53

Notes, n.d. 

1

54

Age and Ageism, n.d. 

1

55

Child Development 

Presbyterian Hospital Parent Guidance Institute 1949-1953 

1

56

"Who is the Kindergarten Child" 1954 

1

57

"Do We Encourage Delinquency" 1958 

1

58

"Child Rearing and Responsibility" 1963 

1

59

"Nature or Nurture" 1983 

1

60

"Congratulations-I hear you're Pregnant," n.d. 

1

61

"Ethics," n.d. 

1

62

"Exhibitionism" 

1

63

Group Psychotherapy 

"Treatment of Neuroses by Class Technic" 1942 

2

1

"The Utilization of a Therapy Group in Teaching Psychotherapy" 1947 

2

2

"Group Therapy in Prisons" 1948 

2

3

"Group Psychotherapy in General Hospitals" 1951 

2

4

"A Group Method of Teaching Psychiatry to Medical Students," "Countertransference in the Group Psychotherapist," "Dynamics and Clinical Applications of Group Psychotherapy" 1953 

2

5

"Group Psychotherapy as an Aid in Training" 1954 

2

6

"Historic Background of Group Psychotherapy," "A Group Method of Teaching Psychiatry to Medical Students" 1955 

2

7

"La Dinamia de la Psicoterpia en Grup" 1956 

2

8

"A Note on the Impact of Group Psychotherapy on Psychiatry" 1957 

2

9

"Dynamics of Group Psychotherapy" 1959 

2

10

"Group Psychotherapy in Medicine" 1960 

2

11

"Training Staff Personnel for Patient Group Work" 1964 

2

12

"The Use of Group Psychotherapy in Psychosomatic Disorders" 1966 

2

13

"Group Psychotherapy as Medical Practice" 1967 

2

14

"Group Psychotherapy: A Superior Method of Treating Larger Numbers of Neurotic Patients," "Treatment of the Neuroses by Class Technic" 1974 

2

15

"A Glimpse of Pioneer in Group Psychotherapy" 1975 

2

16

Sixth International Congress of Group Psychotherapy Program 1977 

2

17

"Group Psychology in Teaching and a Lesson to be Learned by Disregarding Some Techniques" 1978 

2

18

Joseph H. Pratt, Father of Group Psychotherapy, 1911-1981 

2

19

"Major Forerunners of Group Practice," n.d. 

2

20

Third Party Reprints 1950-1955 

2

21

Third Party Reprints 1956-1958 

2

22

Homosexuality 

"Trends in Treatment of Homosexuality and Sexual Deviants" 1955 

2

23

"Attitudes Toward and Approaches to the Problem of Homosexuality" 1956 

2

24

"Male Homosexuality: Observations on its Psychogenesis and on its Treatment by Group Psychotherapy" 1964 

2

25

"Treatment of Homosexuals in Groups" 1965 

2

26

"Etiologic Factors in Male Homosexuality" 1966 

2

27

"Newer Treatment Techniques for Homosexuality" 1966 

2

28

"Play and Sexual Adjustment" 1966 

2

29

Group Treatment 1966 

2

30

Group Treatment 1967 

2

31

"A Way Out for Homosexuals" 1967 

2

32

"Rehabilitation of Sexually Delinquent" 1969 

2

33

"Group Psychotherapy in the Treatment of Homosexuals" 1971 

2

34

"Treatment of Male Homosexuals in Groups" 1971 

2

35

"Viewpoints: What Outcome Can Be Expected in Psychotherapy of Homosexuals" 1971 

2

36

"Group Psychotherapy with Homosexual Males" 1972 

2

37

"The Problem with Treating Homosexuals" 1975 

2

38

"The Homosexual Group: Formation and Beginnings 1976 

2

39

"Homosexuality- Its Questioned Classification" 1976 

2

40

Unpublished book manuscript "Homosexuality: An Experientially Determined and Treatable Condition," [1981] 

2

41

Unpublished book manuscript, n.d. 

2

42

Group Psychotherapy Treatment for Homosexuals, n.d. 

2

43

"The Homosexual and the Armed Services," n.d. 

2

44

"The Homosexual in Education," n.d. 

2

45

"The Problem with Being Homosexual," n.d. 

2

46

"Rehabilitation of Sexual Delinquents," n.d. 

2

47

"What is Homosexuality?," n.d. 

2

48

Notes, n.d. 

2

49

Clippings 1964-1971 

2

50

Third Party Reprints 1963-1976 

2

51

One 1956-1957 

2

52

Miscellaneous 

2

53

Hostility, n.d. 

2

54

Hypnosis (Herbert Spiegel Reprints) 1960-1970 

3

1

Hypnosis (Other Third Party Reprints) 1974-1975 

3

2

Molecular Psychology notes, n.d. 

3

3

Preventative Psychology, n.d. 1961 

3

4

Preventative Psychology, n.d. 

3

5

Psychiatry 1962-1980 

3

6

Public Health 1981 1982 

3

7

"Negative Side of Debate on 'Resolved That Sterilization of Mentally Unfit is Justifiable and Desirable" 1935 

3

8

Miscellaneous 

Abortion 1981-1982 

3

9

"Doctor, Do You Treat Sick People?" 1955 

3

10

"Total Justice, Can It Be Attained?" 1956 

3

11

"The Doctor's Diagnosis of Public Relations" 1957 

3

12

Miscellaneous 

Book Reviews 1966-1972 

3

13

Bibliography 1958 

3

14

Speeches 1950 

3

15

Directories, n.d. 1968 

3

16

Philadelphia General Hospital 1954 

3

17

Certificates (see oversized), n.d. 1918-1985 

3

18

Emeritus Associate Professor Award 1968 

3

19

Miscellaneous Ephemera (Business card, Eye prescription) 

3

20

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PHOTOPRINTS 

Box

Folder

College Days (see oversized), [1917-1918] 

3

21

Friends and Colleagues 

3

22

Philadelphia General Hospital 

3

23

Lantern Slides--Nervous System 

3

24

Loose from album, [1918-1924] 

3

25

Reunion Shots 1974 

3

27

Album, [1918-1924] 

 3

 

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BOOKS 

Box

Folder

Opium Addiction 1929-1930 

 4

 

Dr. Kirkbride and His Hospital/ Earl D. Bond, M.D. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company) 1946 

 4

 

Their Mothers' Sons/ Edward A. Strecker, M.D. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company) 1946 

 4

 

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SOUND DISCS 

Box

Folder

Adrenals in Health and Disease / William E. Ehrich, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company) 

 4

 

Psychoneurosis, Anxiety Reaction Type / O. Spurgeon English, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company) 

 4

 

Management of Head Injuries / Francis C. Grant, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company) 

 4

 

Dynamics of Group Psychotherapy / Samuel M. Hadden, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company) 

 4

 

Group Psychotherapy in General Hospitals / Samuel M. Hadden, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company) 

 4

 

Origin and Control of Epilepsy / William G. Lennox, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company) 

 4

 

The Family in the Changing World / William C. Menninger, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company) 

 4

 

The Silver Cord / Edward A. Strecker, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company) 

 4

 

Coronary Artery Disease / William D. Stroud, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company) 

 4

 

Psychosomatic Medicine / Edward Weiss, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company) 

 4

 

Three Medical Eras / Paul Durdley White, M.D. (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company) 

 4

 

Report of a Fifteen Year Experiment on Cancer Control (Philadelphia: Medical Dental Educational Recording Company) 

 4

 

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DIPLOMAS, CERTIFICATES (oversize) 

Box

Folder

Dunmore High School Certificate 1918 

 OS 0

 

University of Pennsylvania -- Medical Doctor Diploma 1924 

 OS 0

 

Philadelphia General Hospital -- Certificate of Internship 1926 

 OS 0

 

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Department of Public Instruction. Bureau of Medical Education and Licensure -- License 1926 

 OS 0

 

National Board of Medical Examiners of the United States 1926 

 OS 0

 

American Neurological Association -- Elected Active Member 1938 

 OS 0

 

United States Selective Service System 

 OS 0

 

American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology Certificate 1942 

 OS 0

 

American Group Psychotherapy Association -- President 1948-1949 

 OS 0

 

American Group Psychotherapy Association -- Scroll to Honor 1949 

 OS 0

 

38th Parallel Medical Society of Korea -- Honorary Membership 1951 

 OS 0

 

Philadelphia County Medical Society -- 96th President 1957 

 OS 0

 

American College of Physicians -- Life Member 1958 

 OS 0

 

Mental Health Association of South Eastern Pennsylvania -- Earl D. Bond Award 1967 

 OS 0

 

Philadelphia County Medical Society -- Strittmatter Award 1972 

 OS 0

 

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