University of Pennsylvania in World War I
Military Training

This subject guide was created in 2013 by Rebecca Sokolow, University Archives Summer Research Fellow and an undergraduate at the University of Pennsylvania
August 2013

Access to collections is granted in accordance with the Protocols for the University Archives and Records Center.

Student Army Training Corps Records, World War I, UPB 72

Box 1
This collection includes a list of all the members of the S.A.T.C. at Penn, student grade cards in Architecture, and documentation of the War Issues Course that was required for members of the S.A.T.C. Also included is a final report from the University to The Committee on Education and Special Training S.A.T.C., a scrapbook of government orders and correspondence with the University concerning the University’s role in the care and training of S.A.T.C. members, and documents from the S.A.T.C. commissary.


General Administration Records, UPA 3

Box 115, Military Instruction; Box 117, War Service of Penn Students; Box 119, University and the War (World War I)
Box 115 contains a 1915 alumni petition to the Provost regarding the introduction of military training at the University. Boxes 117 and 119 include correspondence about and descriptions of the war work at the University and its effect on registration at the school. They also contain numbers of leaves of absence granted for work in multiple war-related industries.


Board of Trustees Minutes, UPA 1.1

Volumes 16 and 17
The minutes document the evolution and development of the University’s military training program during World War I. They begin with the idea of introducing military instruction into the University before the United States joined the war, and follow through to the demobilization of the Students’ Army Training Corps after the armistice was signed, and to the decision to reestablish the R.O.T.C. at Penn. The Board minutes also discuss coursework to go along with military training, and the effects of enlistments on registration and the budget of the University.


University of Pennsylvania Catalogue

1917-1918, Department of Military Science and Tactics
The Catalogue provides a brief history and a statement of purpose of the Department of Military Science and Tactics and the military training program at Penn. It also provides a list of the curriculum taught by the Department of Military Science and Tactics.


R. Tait McKenzie Papers, UPT 50 McK37

Boxes 7, 8, and 16
R. Tait McKenzie was the director of the Physical Education program at the University during the World War I period. His personal papers include articles he wrote about the need for athletic and physical training within a military training program, and a list of military-related topics on which he lectured at the University. He discusses the physical education work at the University and how it prepared students for enlistment in case of a national emergency. McKenzie’s papers also include a photo album and collection of loose photos focused on military training and rehabilitation of wounded soldiers.


Old Penn/The Pennsylvania Gazette, UPM 8125

1914; 1917-1918
This publication has articles that explain in detail how the military training program at Penn worked and was changing and developing. It also documents the people involved in establishing and running the military training program. Many articles commend the patriotic service of members of the Penn community, and several issues publish lists of Penn men who enlisted. Other articles published in the magazine but written by professors give personal opinions on military training. Several photographs of military training at the University are included in issues of the magazine.


Red and Blue, UPM 620

This publication provides student opinion on military training at the University.