SUBJECT GUIDES

Medical History at the University of Pennsylvania
Military Hospitals

Prepared by Joseph - James Ahern
February 2013

Access to collections is granted in accordance with the Protocols for the University Archives and Records Center.

U.S. Army Base Hospital No 20 Records, 1918 – 1919
UPC 14, 1 Cu Ft.

Responding to the likelihood of American entry into World War I, the University of Pennsylvania, in conjunction with the American Red Cross and the War Department, organized the civilian Base Hospital No. 20 in 1916. University Trustees, a newly-formed Women's Auxiliary of the Red Cross, and other benefactors donated more than thirty-six thousand dollars to train and equip the Base staff. The University granted the use of Weightman Hall, the White House, and Franklin Field for training purposes. In late November the War Department called Base Hospital No. 20 into active service in the Medical Corps of the United States Army. Arriving at Chatel Guyon, Puy de Dome, France on May 7, 1918, for the next eight months Base Hospital No. 20 operated out of hotels in this health resort, eventually reaching a capacity of 2,500 beds in thirty-three buildings. The Records contain information to the Hospitals activities in France and upon its return to the United States.

 

U.S. Army 20th General Hospital Collection, 1932 – 1952
UPC 15, 0.5 Ln Ft.

In 1940 the United States Surgeon-General called upon the University of Pennsylvania to organize an overseas military hospital along the lines of the successful civilian Base Hospital No. 20 organized by the University in France during World War I. As a result, a Penn medical faculty committee organized the 20th General Hospital, a World War II medical facility which would operate in the Assam jungle region of northeast India. In 1940 the United States Surgeon-General called upon the University of Pennsylvania to organize an overseas military hospital along the lines of the successful civilian Base Hospital No. 20 organized by the University in France during World War I. As a result, a Penn medical faculty committee organized the 20th General Hospital, a World War II medical facility which would operate in the Assam jungle region of northeast India. After training at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana, the unit left for India in early 1943, arriving on March 21 at Ledo, where a huge military installation was being created. These records focus on the activities and medical research of the 20th General Hospital from the time of its deployment to Camp Claiborne in May of 1942 until the unit's disbandment at the end of World War II.

 

PUBLICATIONS

  • Report of the 20th General Hospital
    UPI 491.11 
    3 April 1943-1 August 1945

  • Keeler, Louis. The Chalice: Letters and Diary of Rev. Louis Meyer. (West Conshohocken, PA: Infinity Publishing Company, 2009). UPT2 K29 2009